The combined effects of natural disasters, conflicts and the COVID-19 pandemic have left many people in Mozambique in urgent need of humanitarian assistance, with “many forced to leave their own lands and finding themselves in highly precarious conditions,” as stressed by the Holy Father when speaking on the Cabo Delgado region.
As of December 2021, over 744,000 individuals are internally displaced in the country due to an armed conflict that erupted in Mozambique’s Cabo Delgado province in 2017, while around 116,385 people have been displaced in Central Mozambique due to natural disasters. Mozambique also hosts more than 28,500 refugees and asylum seekers, of which around 9,500 reside in the Maratane settlement while the remaining 19,000 reside in urban areas. Around 52% of the overall IDP population are children.
Mozambique’s low-lying coast is prone to climate-induced disasters. Two years after Tropical Cyclone Idai and Cyclone Kenneth hit Mozambique in March 2019, the storm cycle continues, with frequent natural disasters causing damage and affecting the population. Although violence is now leading less to displacement, the situation remains volatile and needs for humanitarian food assistance remain high, with an estimated 1.3 million people currently in need – 14% of the total population.
For further information:
Institutional Websites and NGOs
- IFRD – Displacement in a Changing Climate: Localised humanitarian action at the forefront of the climate crisis
- IOM Displacement Tracking Matrix – Mozambique: Baseline Assessment Round 13, September 2021
- OCHA – Mozambique: Cabo Delgado, Nampula & Niassa Humanitarian Snapshot, September 2021
- OCHA – Mozambique: Humanitarian Response Dashboard, January – September 2021
- UNHCR Operational Data Portal _ Mozambique
- UNHCR – Mozambique Factsheet, September 2021
- UNHCR – Cabo Delbago CBP Response Factsheet, October 2021
- UNHCR – Northern Mozambique Situation update, October 2021
- UNHCR, Mozambique update, December 2021
- WFP – Food security and climate change, the pressing reality of Mozambique
Online Newspapers and Periodicals:
- Avvenire.it – Sant’Egidio: “Non abbandonate il Mozambico”, Luglio 2021
Sant’Egidio – E’ crisi alimentare a Cabo Delgado, nel nord del Mozambico: le prime vittime sono donne e bambini, Ottobre 2021
- UN News – Humanitarian catastrophe in northern Mozambique ‘beyond epic proportions’, April 2021
- UN News – Urgent funding needed for Mozambique, facing ‘triple threat’ of climate change, conflict and COVID-19, March 2021
- Vatican News – Mozambique: The rise in the cost of living, a concern for the Church, November 2021
- Vatican News – ACN to launch projects for displaced persons in Nigeria and Mozambique, November 2021
- Vatican News – Em Cabo Delgado, situação muito grave e preocupante, afirma D. Inácio Saure
- Vatican News – Mozambico, allarme Caritas: a due anni dai cicloni, a rischio la sicurezza alimentare, Marzo 2021