Due to tensions between English-speaking communities and the central government, violence in the North West and South West regions of Cameroon has intensified sharply since 2016.
The restricted humanitarian access to the two regions and the significant presence of spontaneous refugee settlements in the region close to Nigeria make it difficult to monitor displacement. However, the anglophone crisis counted 711,056 internally displaced persons (IDPs) in Cameroon (OCHA) and over 63,000 Cameroonian refugees registered in Nigeria (UNHCR).
The main humanitarian needs of Cameroonian refugees and IDPs are related to protection, food and water, sanitation and hygiene. However, the education sector has been particularly affected, with 80% of children being deprived of their schooling.